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The Books of 1-3 John explained with illustrations
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This video explores the main ideas and flow of thought through the Books of 1-3 John.

The Bible Project is a non-profit creating animated videos that explain the narrative of the Bible. These videos are free to use for personal and educational purposes. Download a full resolution version of this video along with a study guide at www.jointhebibleproject.com.

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About the author:

Tim Mackie is a Pastor of Door of Hope church and a Professor at Western Seminary – timmackie.com

 

33 thoughts on “Read Scripture: 1- 3 John

    • +MHM EEKK

      The two earliest parchment codices, Vaticanus B and Sinaiticus, plus 2 minuscules and several versions and manuscripts, do not contain verses 9-20. Two important early Christian writers testify that these verses are not found in Mark: Eusebius (Quaestiones ad Marinum I) says that they are not in “accurate” copies of Mark and are missing from “almost all” manuscripts; Jerome (Epistle CXX.3, ad Hedibiam) testifies that almost all Greek manuscripts of his time lack vss. 9-20. Many manuscripts that do have these verses “have scholia stating that older Greek copies lack them,” and other textual witnesses add “conventional signs used by scribes to mark off a spurious addition to a literary text.”

      There are also three variant endings of Mark in circulation. Our vss. 9-20 are the most common, but there is also a “short” ending, and seven Greek manuscripts with both the long and short ending. However, this particular evidence may be too late to be of any relevance.

      The above evidence is absolutely decisive by the canons of textual criticism (whether secular or Biblical). Indeed the internal evidence noted below is not so much proof as it is supplementation in light of the above. No argument for the authenticity of Mark 16:9-20 (hereafter, M16) can move without refuting each of the points above.

    • +Mi Les Sorry bud, but your claims aren’t going to be simply accepted.

      For one, 99.5% of all manuscripts contain Mark 16:9-20. Sinaiticus and Vaticanus are both 4th century manuscripts, however we have three independent authors from the 100’s AD who quote Mark 16:9-20, making the extraordinarily early testimony of the veracity of these verses overwhelming.

      “Two important early Christian writers testify that these verses are not found in Mark: Eusebius (Quaestiones ad Marinum I) says that they are not in “accurate” copies of Mark and are missing from “almost all” manuscripts; Jerome (Epistle CXX.3, ad Hedibiam) testifies that almost all Greek manuscripts of his time lack vss. 9-20.”

      LOL. You have the quote of Eusebius entirely out of context. If you read it in its context, you’d realize Eusebius was trying to explain a contradiction in this passage, and he was giving two possible solutions to solving the contradiction. One was that Mark 16:9-20 is inauthentic because it is lacked in some manunscripts, but the second reason given by Eusebius does in fact accept them as authentic. As for Jerome, this one is outright false. Jerome was just regurgitating what Eusebius said, and even quotes Mark 16:14 later on in his writings anyways — Jerome accepted the authenticity of Mark 16:9-20.

      As I said earlier, there are three independent quotations of Mark 16:9-20 all as early as the 100’s AD in the second century, far earlier than the first manuscripts about this passage. These are Irenaeus, Justin Martyr and Tatian. In the third century, you have FOUR witnesses. Tertullian, Cyprian, Gospel of Nicodemus (apocrypha) and De Repabtismate. In the FOURTH CENTURY, which is when Sinaiticus and Vaticanus finally appear, you have SIX WITNESSES. I could name all of them, but this is getting tiring. As you can see, the overwhelming evidence authenticates this passage, the evidence otherwise remains mostly irrelevant in comparison.

      The last point I’d like to make though — although the two fourth century manuscripts (Vaticanus and Sinaiticus) do not contain this passage, all three third century manuscripts (Alexandrius, Washington, Ephraemi Rescriptus) attest to its authentic nature.

      LAST LAST POINT: Although Sinaiticus omits Mark 16:9-20, the fact is, in Sinaiticus at the end of the Gospel of Mark, there’s actually a blank space about exactly the size that would be required to write Mark 16:9-20. So did the Sinaiticus author know about this portion?

  1. Christ is the son of the Living God John is well aware since John saw the sky opened with Peter, As Moses and Elijah appeared at the day of Tabernacles Matt 17 3

    John does not believe Jesus is God John believes Jesus is the messiah big difference

    • It’s fine apology accepted. I mean that they may have the same nature but they aren’t equal. We are being transformed into the image of Christ Cori 3:18 and we do get totally transformed are equal to Christ? No because He is our Savior  we look up to him not the other way around. Just as Christ is the exact..Heb 1:3 and Looks up to the Father and His will and reveal to us who the Father is. He is the mediator. Jesus Himself said the Father is greater than I John 14:28. In this regard is why I say they are not equal.  I am not equal in power and strength authority etc just because we have the same human nature. You can join the convo with jon davies in prev comments. I said other stuff to him and we can all try to understand

    • Akeem Olass Hi again, sorry about the long reply time. One good way to consider the diffrent aspects of God are the way we are devided. We each have diffrent aspects of ourselves, flesh, soul and spirit (1 Thessalonians 5:23)

      We are made in the image of God. “God said, Let us make man in Our image” (Genesis 1:26). Please again make reference to the wording of “our” reflecting the trinity. This reflection of God explains the trinitarian existance of humans as said in Thessalonians. That said, we were made in Gods image, not to be equal; the photo of a mountain or sky is nothing in comparison to the other. With regards to the higherachy of God, we can choose to let any part of us rule our existance but God has a set higherachy. All parts however are God so all have power beyond humans are all one of the same.

    • Exactly ,we are made in God’s image but we are not his equal Christ also is the exact image of God heb 1:3 hence doesn’t mean equal.

      the “our” in Genesis doesn’t necessarily mean trinity. What is the set hierarchy of God?

      So God has a body Christ, Soul as Father and spirit as the Holy Spirit? But all these parts makes you you i.e (jon davies) so if Christ is the body of God and the same person God he won’t refer to himself as Son of God rather God or say The Father (SOUL hypothetically for now) is greater than I and if the soul is greater then strictly speaking in the sense that God means absolute power and none greater, then the soul is the one true God . If they are the same God then who is Christ sitting at the right hand of? or has the body displaced from the soul? (hypothetically speaking)

      Look if you will at Ephesians 4:4-6 maybe I misunderstood this verse.

      I did have some preconceived idea about the Spirit in God(in my case the Father) though  but I haven’t given it much thought . God is Spirit John 4:24 and has no flesh.

  2. Thank you for doing this project but you have not mentioned the main thing in the letter of John- that he is again bringing up the God’s commandments and teaches them that one who does not obey to God’s law has not met Him. Please keep the commandments and have loyalty to Christ. Our endurance is based upon keeping the Commandments of God (all of them) and have loyalty to Christ, please read the ending of chapter 12 and 14 in the Book of revelation. I hope that glory of our Lord is with us.

  3. hello thank you for your video very interesting u have explain about love and light but not about trust would love to know how John scriptures evolve around this cycle
    thank you be BLESS

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